What is distillation?
Distillation is simply the process of heating water to its boiling point; capturing
and then condensing the pure steam to form pure distilled water. In nature this
process is known as the hydrologic cycle.
Pure distilled water should be used for all of your consumable needs, or anything
that goes into your body. Whether you consume ice cubes, soup, coffee, tea,
pasta, rice, baby formula, juices, or just drinking water, the contaminants
that are in your tap water are still finding their way into your body
unless you are using pure distilled water.
How nature purifies water:
Water is essential to all life. Without it the biosphere that exists on the
surface of the earth wouldn't be possible. Nicknamed the "water" planet, earth is covered by one of our most precious resources. However 97%
is locked in the oceans, toxic to humans and many plants and animals. How do
we obtain fresh water resources then?
To understand, we need to turn to the Hydrologic Cycle. The Hydrologic Cycle (also called the water cycle) is the process that moves water around
the earth. The cycle starts with the sun heating water in our rivers, lakes
and oceans and turning it into water vapour, which rises into the air (called
evaporation). When water vapour cools it forms clouds (condensation), which become heavy with water and rains back to earth (precipitation).
Water is not created or destroyed:
It is this process that cleans the earths water. Water is not created
or destroyed. Simply put, it is continually changing its form and location.
The water you drink today is likely to have been lapped up by animals and people
6 thousand years ago, or helped fill Julius Caesars bathing pool, or could
be from a tear from Jesus Christ (Aramaic = Eshoo). The water we use now is
the same supply the human race started with. Its quality is renewed again and
again by the natural Hydrologic Cycle that our Creator originally set in place.
water distillers purify water:
Water Distillers are performing not only as one of the most effective forms
of treatment, but they're one of the easiest to understand:
- untreated water is converted into water vapour
- which is then condensed back into liquid form
Most of the contaminants are left behind in the boiling chamber, with the condensed
water being virtually contaminant-free.
Anyone who has accidentally let a pot of water boil completely out on the stove is
familiar with this process, and familiar with the crust of contaminants typically
left behind after the water is gone. In
nature, this basic process is responsible for the hydrologic cycle. The sun
causes water to evaporate from surface sources such as lakes, oceans, and streams.
The water vapour eventually comes in contact with cooler air, where it re-condenses
to form dew or rain. This process can be imitated artificially (e.g.
water distillation), and more rapidly than in nature, using alternative
sources of heating and cooling.
|What About the Minerals that are Removed via Distillation? - top
As water distillation removes most minerals / elements from the water, it becomes just like pure rain water (rain water is distilled water.)
Some people are concerned that if they drink distilled water (or pure rain water), they will suffer from a mineral deficiency. Naturally, if a person drank nothing but distilled water only and ate no food for the rest of his / her life, he / she would, in due course, develop obvious signs of mineral deficiency!
Conversely, if a person was drinking only municipal tap water, containing: chlorine, fluoride, alum, lime, copper, sewage etc, he / she would quickly develop obvious signs of chemical toxicity and subsequently feel very sick.
However, the reality is that people who regularly drink pure distilled water and eat a healthy diet, are predominantly showing the following results:
- stronger teeth with less cavities - or or none at all
- stronger bones with a higher bone density
- greatly reduced sickness
- healthier skin
- thicker hair
Please take note that the greatest amount of our nutritional / elemental requirements actually comes from the air that we breathe. To illustrate this point, imagine if a person stopped breathing for say 10 minutes. How long would that person survive without access to the nutrients / elements in the air? [i.e. Nitrogen, Oxygen, Argon, Carbon dioxide, Neon, Helium, Methane, Water vapour...]
The next greatest source of nutrients is from the minerals found within the physical food that humans consume. Unlike air, humans can actually survive for several weeks without eating physical food. Please note that for every 1 litre of physical food that humans consume, humans require approximately 10,000 litres of air. Sports people and extremely hard working people can consume up to 30,000 litres of air for every 1 litre of food eaten, during their rigorous regime.
Humans are mostly composed of water, i.e. approximately 75-85%. Every metabolic function that takes place within the human body is in a water medium. Water is essential for hydrating the body and especially the cells; and if pure enough, water is excellent for effectively keeping the cells clean by removing toxins and cell debris.
In summary, the greatest percentage of nutrients / minerals are obtained in the following order of priority:
Some people who eat a healthy balanced diet also like to include vitamin and mineral supplements, as well as consume regular amounts of pure water for hydrating the body and cleaning the cells. Minerals can also be added into your pure distilled drinking water at your own discretion e.g. the Amazing Alkaline Water Flask.
- the air that we breath [approximately 10,000 to 30,000 litres per 1 litre of physical food]
- physical food that we eat such as a well balanced diet of vegetables, fruit, grains, nuts, meats (chicken, beef, goat...)
- vitamin and mineral supplements etc
|Volatile / Gaseous Vent - top
All good water distillers have a 'Volatile / Gaseous Vent' incorporated into the beginning of the stainless steel condensing coil, to prevent Volatile Gases contaminating the pure distilled water, by releasing any Volatile Gasses (if present in source water) into the atmosphere.
Please note, if there are Volatile Gasses present in the source / tap water, then these Volatile Gasses are also being released into the air every time a consumer:
- runs a hot water tap,
- boils water for cooking, tea and coffee,
- showers in hot water,
- and is consumed every time the consumer drinks the water.
If the source / tap water is heavily contaminated with council poisons and subsequent Volatile Gasses, it maybe advisable to vent any room that has hot water from boiling / cooking / showering etc, as well as the distillation area.
Top View of Divine 48L Water Distiller
Volatile / Gaseous Vent
Over the years we have had several Chronic Fatigue people explain to us that they have hyper-allergenic conditions and are not comfortable having a machine releasing 'volatile gases' in their house, and have asked what they can do to negate breathing volatile gases. As all traditional sources of heated water such as running hot water / boiling water in a kettle / cooking water / showering in hot water / distilling water all release volatile gases into the atmosphere, here are a few suggestions for Chronic Fatigue people with extreme hyper-allergenic conditions:
- Easiest solution: vent any area that has water being boiled;
- Easy solution: fit a carbon / charcoal filter to your water supply. [Note: the Divine Automatic Water Distiller comes with a pre-carbon filter]
- Radical solution: wear a suitable gas mask when in any area that has water being boiled;
- Extreme solution: remove all forms of boiling water from your dwelling;
- Ultra extreme solution: set up a hyper-allergenic free tent in a chemical free paddock (no phones, no computers, no vehicles), bath in a non polluted stream and eat chemical free - non hybrid - non genetically modified raw food.
Distillation units require only minimal maintenance, which usually involves draining
off the concentrated sediment and other contaminants that accumulate at the
bottom of the boiling chamber. It is NOT necessary to keep the bottom (inside) of water distillers absolutely spotless (especially with semi-automatic type water distillers that have an internal element in the base), as there will ALWAYS be sediment film on the bottom after each and every use. The main requirement is that a scale does not form, otherwise if left unchecked it will become a heavy scale and will soon impede the efficiency of the distillation cycle.
The most important thing is to clean away the bulk poisonous / chemical residue, which if allowed to build up, makes distillation more inefficient.
photos show the scale / mineral / chemical residue removed from the base
of the boiling chamber of one of our automatic Water Distillers, after
just 6 weeks water distillation for a family of three. (All of our pure water distillers will produce the same results.)
This particular residue is from one of the purest sources of council supplied,
non fluoridated drinking water in the South Island of New Zealand. Different
locales produce various amounts, types and colours of scale residue, depending upon what minerals / pollutants are in the water, e.g. sewerage & industrial waste; as well as what poisons and chemicals e.g. fluoride, chlorine etc, that your local government adds to your the supply.
Because of water distillation, the owner's kidneys, arteries etc are now free of such scale / mineral / chemical residue.
The photo at right shows the chemical residue inside the boiler of a stainless steel countertop water distiller, after just one distillation cycle!
The walls of the boiling chamber may also need to be
cleaned of hard-water scale and other sediment that can accumulate. The required
amount of cleaning depends greatly upon the initial quality of water used. Very
hard water can produce heavy scaling in a relatively short period of time. If
soft water is used, cleaning difficulties should be minimal. (For your convenience we supply
a wonderful product called Steel Kleen for this very purpose. Steel Kleen can be ordered via the Divine Water Distiller page.)
[WARNING: Never use vinegar to cleaning the Boiling Chamber of your water distiller. It is highly corrosive and voids the warranty! Use Steel Kleen instead, which is designed for this purpose.]
Post Carbon Filters:
The carbon / charcoal filters must be changed periodically as well, usually every 6-12 weeks; although some people replace the charcoal at longer intervals such as 6 months or even every year. The best time to change is when you notice a 'taste' in the pure water. These are very inexpensive to replace. (Charcoal can be ordered via the Divine Water Distiller page.)
Fan and Condenser Coil:
Here are a couple of pictures sent in by a customer who claimed he has always maintained his Water Distiller, but wonders why it is overheating and turning off prematurely. As the photos indicate, the machine has not been reasonably maintained whatsoever and he has in fact voided his warranty due to misuse! Note the heavy build up of dust on the fan blades and especially the disgusting build up of dust and filth on the condenser coil!
Also, do not allow the Fan or Condenser Coil to gather dust, as it causes the distiller to become overheated, inefficient, shortens the life of the machine and VOIDS THE WARRANTY.
Never let your cooling fan look like this!
Underneath all this dust and filth is a stainless steel condenser coil begging to be cleaned!
Cleaning of the fan and condenser coil is very easy. When dust starts to accumulate on the fan and condenser coil, use compressed air to gently blow the dust away from the machine.
Possible sources of compressed air are as follows:
- Some vacuum cleaners have a reverse mode which can be used as a blower,
- 12 volt car tyre pump,
- A compressor from your garage,
- Borrow an air gun from a local workshop / mechanic,
- Some supermarkets sell cans of compressed air.
|What is the difference between Automatic & Semi Automatic Water Distillers? - top
Automatic Water Distillers:
- Distiller connects directly to the water mains, e.g. laundry tap, kitchen plumbing or garden hose etc;
- Once the unit is turned on, the Boiling Chamber fills to the maximum level automatically and the machine begins distilling automatically;
- As the water level drops, the distiller automatically replenishes the Boiling Chamber;
- Once the reservoir (where the distilled water is collected) is full, the water distiller turns off automatically;
- When the reservoir is about half empty, the distiller automatically turns on and will keep distilling until the reservoir is fully replenished again.
Summary: Although fully automatic water distillers are more expensive up front, they are excellent time savers when more than 8 litres of water per day is required - as the water distiller conveniently does it all for you.
Semi Automatic (Countertop) Water Distillers:
- The operator must fill the Boiling Chamber to the maximum water level mark manually;
- The operator must turn the water distiller on manually;
- The distiller will turn off automatically when all of the water in the Boiling Chamber has been distilled.
Summary: Semi automatic water distillers are inexpensive up front and excellent for making smaller amounts of water e.g. 4 - 24. litres per day. The only real downside is that you have to fill it up manually for the next cycle / batch of water.